обложка_пб29_new№29 Wood

Cover28_FINAL_sm  №28 Architectural landscape 

      №27 Dwelling

№26 Suomi

 

 

 

№27 Dwelling

 Обитать Dwelling

‘The big buildings collapsed immediately. The shanties remained unharmed,” predicted Vasily Kandinsky in his poem ‘The Bassoon’. Our time is witness to the construction of, above all, ‘big buildings’. Continuing urbanization is causing cities to grow; St Petersburg, Helsinki, and capital cities of the Baltic states are expanding. And if the previous stage in this process was industrial, the new one is almost exclusively a matter of construction of housing. The housing is accompanied by workplaces, but the latter are more to do with services than with manufacturing (at best, this is ‘creative production’). There is a ‘world after work’ (Nick Srnicek, Alex Williams), where all that is left for us to do is to ‘reside’. ‘Bare life’ (Giorgio Agamben) is the best definition of this state of society (p. 26). The result is a civilization which lives in minimal apartments, often situated in multi-storey houses. It is unlikely, of course, that anyone would ever dream of a one-room cell on the 20th floor, but it is also true that there are very few people who would rejoice today at the lifestyle of the radical Gavroche who was satisfied, if you remember, with shelter inside the statue of an elephant on a city square. Nevertheless, practices of habitation, as in all ages, lie between the poles of the settled and the nomadic life. The two tendencies are in conflict with one another.

The former tries to contain the latter, which looks for chinks in the system, by wrapping it in a framework (e.g. a ‘refugee camp’). Architecture is looking for words to describe what is happening (p. 39). The phrases are fragmentary, there is repetition of rhetorical tropes, but the meanings slide over the surface, occasionally trespassing on the territory of other disciplines. What will housing for the Other be like? An illustration to the work of Foucault or of Houellebecq? While some are busy with exercises in a kind of ‘reverse colonization’, others shut themselves up in architecture’s ‘ivory tower’ – designing residential complexes for the wealthy (p. 47). Here architects are regaining their feeling of confidence: we are seeing the construction of buildings which have a strong grip on the urban fabric. These architects are reproducing archetypes which are traditional for the profession: dreams of a palace or of a cabin in the midst of nature, dreams which the imminent post-human system finds it not so easy to deal with. For all these successes (Gregotti, of course, was right when he said that the goal of architecture is to look for truth within architecture itself), every architect is confronted with contradictions on two levels: 1) the setting of objectives (construction not for the sake of providing shelter, but for the sake of selling square metres); 2) structure/look (the load-bearing structure is dictated by the construction process, while requirements regarding appearance derive from marketing and aesthetic considerations). Even the wooden framework of the house in Jyvaskyla (p. 54) is CLT, i.e. ‘21st-century concrete’.

The world is becoming increasingly (bio)technological and we ourselves, like Alice in Wonderland, are always ready to take a pill so as to adjust our size to fit unexpectedly, instantly changing reality. And that’s to say nothing of the residential interior in the techno-modern style (p. 95)… The central question is the following: “How are we to inhabit” this postindustrialist, ‘smart’, symbolc and unfamiliar world, a world which ingeniously conceals its own true essence (or the lack of such an essence)? It is possible to use urbanist discourse to try to make, or present as, comfortable that which is self-evidently not so (p. 52). Or to erect high-tech mirages of the palaces of the past. However, there is increasing aptness in the words of Gaston Bachelard, who believed that only “the hut gives us access to absolute shelter.”

Vladimir Frolov

Contents

6

Events

25

Dwelling

26

Dmitry Golynko-Volfson. Models of the home: fortress, bunker, screen, office, ecosystem

32

Kiril Asse. Between routine living and inhabiting

35

Refuge 

36

Aleksey Levchuk. Modernism. Time for a breather

39

fi. Valeria Tolkacheva. Refugees as activators of space

47

House

48

fi, Control and freedom. Interview with Pentti Kareoja

52

fi.Densifying the city. Interview with Timo Hamalainen

54

lv. Jaunromans un Abele. Жилой дом на улице Скарню, Рига

58

ru. Zemtsov, Kondiayn, and Partners. House on Maly prospekt, Vasilievsky Island, St Petersburg

62

ru. Yevgeny Gerasimov: “I find having to design in a specific style very cramping”»

70

ru. Yevgeny Gerasimov and Partners. Pobedy 5, residential building, St Petersburg

74

ee. Mihkel Karu. Kalamaja sub-district: shifting urban fabric

77

ee. Eek & Mutso. Жилой дом в Ристику пыйк (Клеверном переулке), 5, Таллин

80

lv. Eek & Mutso. Ristiku poik 5, apartment building, Tallinn

84

lt.SZK un Partneri and Karim Rashid. Kado Karim, residential complex, Dzintari, Jurmala

90

Home

95

ru. Тechnomodernism. Interview with Yevgeny Neymand

96

ru. Yevgeny Neymand. Private apartment, St Petersburg

100

Discussion

104

Lost in transformation. Interview with Anna Katkhanova

108

New standards for the ‘grey belt’. Interview with Mikhail Kondiayn

110

New St Petersburg along Obvodny kanal. Interview with Aleksandr Kononov

111

Competitions

113

ru. ‘Maritime facade’. Competition for an architecture and urban-planning concept for the development of an important part of the reclaimed land on Vasilievsky Island in St Petersburg

127

Design lab

129

Small scale residential structures by Helin & Co, Vladimir Shkurinsky, Inblum, Jaunromans un Abele, PLUSS bureaus

147

Potfolio MASTERPLAN; ITR 

155

 Catalogue

 

Comments are closed.

At a conference, taking place in Tallinn on April 21-22, architecture’s turn to nature and data will be explored from political and historical perspectives. Keynote speakers are Matthew Gandy and Douglas Spencer from the UK. The conference is organised by the
Faculty of Architecture, Estonian Academy of Arts, Estonia in cooperation with the Department of Geography, Cambridge University, UK. The event is open to the public.


29.08.2017

On August 29th, as part of the ‘Space, Time, Architecture’ series, organized by Project Baltia and the ‘Novaya Gollandiya: Cultural Urbanization’ project, Finnish architect Marco Casagrande read a lecture entitled ‘Third-generation City’. On the following day he curated the 6th Diogenes’ Clausura. And while the participants of Clausura worked on their project, Project Baltia spoke to Marco about the benefits and harm caused by architecture in our time.